GPA, also knows as Grade Point Average, is the overall average mark obtained by students for a particular semesters. A single course has multiple assessments. Each of the assessment has its own weightage (%). The marks keyed in by lecturers for each assessment will add up to a student’s total mark (100%, 40%, etc.) for a single course.
A student can take many courses during a semester. The total marks for all of the courses taken in a semester is called Total Grade Point or TGP. Below is a sample calculation of TGP:
Student A in semester 2 has three subjects which are Subject A (3 credit hour), B (3 credit hour) and C (2 credit hour). Student A got 4.00 for subjects A, 3.25 and 3.00 for subjects B and C respectively. Referring to the formula below:
1. TGP = Grade Point Subjects A + Grade Point Subject B + Grade Point Subject C + ….
The total grade point for Student A in semester 2 is therefore,
4.00 + 3.25 + 3.00 = 10.25
The TGP for student A is 10.25.
Once we’ve calculated the TGP, the next step is to divide the TGP with the number of courses considered as taken by student A to find out the grade point average:
2. GPA = TGP ÷ Number of subjects considered as taken
10.25 + 3 = 3.41666
Therefore, the GPA for student A in semester 2 is 3.42
In semester 1, Student A’s GPA is 3.90. Now that we have the GPA for semester 2, we can calculate the student’s CGPA in semester 2 by referring the formula below:
3. CGPA = GPA sem 1 + GPA sem 2 +…
3.90 + 3.42 = 3.66
The CGPA for Student A up to semester 2 is 3.66
Kindly note that the calculation above does not take into account for total credit hour not counted. In Sqayy CMS, the calculation of CGPA and GPA is based on total credit hour taken.